Spotlight on 2011 LEADer Urusha

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We’d like to congratulate Urusha,one of our 2011 LEADers, for securing an internship at the design firm Crush Mango in Bangalore! Crush Mango focuses on architecture, interior design and space planning. As an intern, Urusha will perform research on architecture, assisting conceptual planning and3D visualization. She will also be conceptualizing designs, detailing, site visits and learning about master planning and landscape design.

Good job Urusha, we’re so proud of you!

Inspiring Woman Leader Spotlight: Jasmine Bala

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Interview by Megan Foo, President of Women LEAD’s Hong Kong Chapter

Jasmine Bala is originally from Calcutta, India. She started  school at Brown University in 2012, studying English and Business Economics. In India, she worked towards educating young girls against prostitution in the Sonagachi area of Bengal. Part of her campaign included spreading awareness through the written word. Her articles were translated into Hindi and Bangla and distributed among those who could read. Jasmine spent two years counseling young married girls who were victims of domestic violence. She worked under Rashmi Anand, an author of nine books, all of which deal with the issue of domestic violence. Jasmine is in the process of writing a book entitled “Destiny beyond Karma” that addresses the ordeals faced by a young girl fighting to seek legal help concerning domestic violence. At Brown University, she is the founder of the Wynn Project, an initiative that brings diversity to the runway, empowering women of all body types to develop positive body imagery. As a budding economist, she is interested in studying global emerging markets with a focus on South Asia.

Women LEAD: What is your background?

Jasmine Bala: I grew up in Calcutta, India and attended a private, all-girls school. While in school, I started working at the New Delhi women’s cell. I was exposed to women who had faced severe hardship within their households and were struggling to make ends meet. One counseling session after another, I discovered my passion for helping people. I knew I wanted to reach out to women and girls who needed assistance. I am now a junior at Brown University and am continuing my efforts to empower women in whichever way that I can.

Women LEAD: You previously worked towards educating young girls against prostitution in Bengal. Can you tell us more about this experience?

Jasmine Bala: I lived within a one mile radius of a very popular red light district in Calcutta. On a day-to-day basis, I would see teenage girls standing on the road, waiting to be picked up for the night. I once approached a girl who was crying on the pavement of the road, who told me that she had initially taken to prostitution because it was easy source for making money. I had some experience with counseling during my time spent in the women’s cell, and used what I had learnt to find her legal help. She was able to quit the brothel and start working a full-time job. She recommended her friends from the brothel to meet with me. Initially, they were hesitant, but later complied. The more I spoke to these 13-16 year old girls, I found that they knew very little about their life prospects outside the four walls of the brothel. I was able to give each of them the individual time to explore other work options. In due course, they all found alternate jobs and the brothel struggled to keep its business alive.

Women LEAD: What to you think needs to change to end gender-based violence?

Jasmine Bala: First of all, I don’t believe that gender-based violence is the correct term to use. Violence against all female-identifying people is violence against humanity. Women are a big part of our population. They are mothers, daughters, wives and grandmothers. They are all-in-all an integral part of the human race. An act of violence doesn’t merely affect women, it effects the nurturing of their children, whether their children may be boys or girls. A violated woman causes imbalance in nature, which in turn will impact the male race. People need to understand that we’re interconnected as a race and there is no single-impact act of violence. That being said, violence is not solely directed to female-identifying people. Many male-identifying and trans-identifying people face violence in their lives and society needs to be more sensitive to violence inflicted on people of all genders. The violence can only end when we each recognize the prevalence of violence, both implicit and explicit. We need more people to stand up for this violence and take corrective action against the perpetrators.

Women LEAD: Why does women’s empowerment matter to you? 

Jasmine Bala: When I first started helping women, I did not know what the term empowerment meant. I was helping battered women because I realized the abundance that life had given me. I was blessed to have a family that loved me, friends who supported me, and an education in one of the elitest schools in the country. My background had made me a confident individual and I could share some of my strength with those in need of it. Since I was educated, I could use my education and connections to find these women legal help. My goal has never been to help these women and then move away once I see them settled in their lives. If we are to make an actual change in society, women need to learn to think and act for themselves. It is only when women act for themselves that they will be empowered. Seeing them in that position will only strengthen my confidence in myself, and my capabilities as a woman.

Women LEAD: Can you talk about one woman who has impacted you in your life?

Jasmine Bala: My mother is the most important woman in my life. Not only has she birthed and nurtured me, she has also shaped me into the individual I am today.  She set the bar high at a young age. She always said, “you’ve done really well, but remember that you could always do better.”  While I was growing up, my mother would  never tell me that I looked “gorgeous” or “beautiful.” She would always say “You look powerful” or “you’re acting like a strong woman should.” As a result, I learnt to value strength of character more  than anything else. My upbringing was majorly focused on building strong moral virtues and a drive for success, thanks to my mother.She genuinely believed that there was nothing a boy could do that I couldn’t. I remember once wanting to compete in a race against the boys, before the coach explained to me that we had different levels of physical strength. Till date, I believe there is nothing a woman cannot achieve.

Women LEAD: Are there websites, books, or films that are inspiring you right now about gender equality and women’s empowerment?

Jasmine Bala: #readwomen2014 is a great tag to follow! It tells you the different books written by female authors in 2014, many of which are great books to read! Maya Angelou has always been my favorite. “The Color Purple” is my favorite book and film. “Bossypants” by Tina Fey is the most recent book I read and it’s really good too. With the upcoming blog world, I would recommend following as many blogs as you can to reach works written by female authors. HuffPost Women, Girls’ Globe and blackgirldangerous top my list of favorites.

Spotlight on WLIT LEADer Binisha

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Uttering the word mathematics brings shudders to most people who struggled with high school algebra and geometry at school.  But for Binisha, it is just the opposite.  Binisha Shrestha is one of the members of the Women LEADers in Technology (WLIT). She just graduated from Advanced College of Engineering and Management with a major in computer engineering. It was a childhood dream come true for Binisha. As a child, she loved playing around with math and science quizzes and anything that involved logical reasoning. Binisha recalls, “I was a very curious kid. I loved fixing clocks and basically anything electronic.”

Binisha got introduced to Women LEAD through the WLIT workshop that was jointly organized by Karkhana.  When asked what she learned from Women LEAD, she explains, “Joining Women LEAD definitely polished my inter-personal skills and enhanced my communications skills. She goes on to stress that, “I learned the importance of me and the power that I have as a woman leader.” Binisha has enthusiastically participated in projects like the NASA Hackathon and is also currently working on similar projects.

She further explains, “Women LEAD has opened many doors for me. It is a nexus of all the other networks that I have today. It helps young girls to find their paths, to follow their passion and it is a great platform to brighten your future.”

Apart from the techy business, Binisha also deeply cares about women’s issues. She remarks, “I was the only girl out of a total of 39 students in my class. Being the only girl in my class, I constantly had to make an effort to speak up and get my voice heard. Some boys would tell that it was no use studying for me as I would eventually end up being a housewife. I wanted to change their mentality and prove them wrong.”

“Women LEAD has played a great role in developing my personality. Today, I feel like a leader”, she says. In the near future, Binisha envisions herself as a successful software developer. She believes that “technical education is not just for the boys. If you have the interest, then women are also equally capable of excelling in this field.”

Inspiring Woman Leader Spotlight: Bernadette Lim

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Interview by Megan Foo, President of Women LEAD’s Hong Kong Chapter

Bernadette Lim is a passionate women’s health advocate. She is a pre-medical student at Harvard University majoring in Human Biology & Women’s Studies with a secondary in Global Health and Health Policy. Bernadette is the founder of Women SPEAK, a 2014 Clinton Global Initiative Commitment to Action and lead author and editor of the “2015 Report on the Status of Women and Girls in Boston”. She serves on the National Youth Council for the March of Dimes and directs the Women’s Policy Group at the Harvard Institute of Politics. Additionally, she is currently working on projects regarding girls’ hygiene and primary school education in western Kenya with Mass General Hospital, volunteers as a Health Leads advocate, and writes editorials for the Harvard Crimson. Bernadette’s work/writing has appeared on various outlets including USA Today, Business Insider, the Huffington Post, Seventeen Magazine, the Harvard Crimson, and Girls’ Globe. As the daughter of a Filipina immigrant mother and Chinese-American father, Bernadette aspires to work for the diversity, equity, and well-being of women, children, families, and minority communities.

Women LEAD: What is your background?

Bernadette Lim: I am a junior at Harvard University, studying Human Evolutionary Biology and Women’s Studies with a minor in Global Health and Health Policy. I’m originally from Los Angeles. I’m very much into the intersection of women’s health and social justice. In my spare time, I’m a yoga teacher and I love going to Zumba.

Women LEAD: You are the Founder and Executive Director of Women SPEAK, which is a girls’ health and empowerment program. Can you tell us more about Women SPEAK and its impact?

Bernadette Lim: Women SPEAK is an organization I founded with three other high school friends. It’s based in Los Angeles and we are a girls’ health and leadership program. We concentrate on four main issue areas for girls: positive body image, gender in the media, healthy relationships (especially on sexual assault awareness) and youth leadership. We have a couple of programs that we just launched, but our main feature is our Girls Leadership Summit, which we just initiated this July. Our first Leadership Summit brought over 100 girls from the Greater Los Angeles area and we had workshops and keynote sessions for girls. From there, we were also able to establish a mentorship program with high school girls and college girls of the Greater L.A. area and that mentorship program will sustain a continued conversation on our four mission areas.

Some other programs we have are a monthly webinar series called Community SPEAK. It’s a monthly webinar series where we talk about current events regarding the media’s portrayal of women and girls and current affairs that affect women and girls. That happens via Google+ Hangout. We also have one more program, an Ambassador Program, where we allow high school girls and young women to help us out with our campaigns, social media, and community visits in their hometowns – different organizations and people who are related to women’s and girls’ initiatives. They spread the mission and awareness of Women SPEAK and hold their own awareness events in their communities.

Women LEAD: You are also the Principal Director of Project SHE, which was a study on girls’ menstrual hygiene and outcomes in Kenya. Can you tell us more about your involvement with Project SHE?

Bernadette Lim: Project SHE is an intervention research project that I started in the summer of 2013. I was able to go to Kisumu, Kenya, with the Massachusetts General Hospital Division of Global Health, and I was able to take a class on global health and also interned at a local NGO called Sustainable Aid In Africa (SANA). Project SHE is an intervention project that guarantees (s)anitation latrines, (h)ygiene supplies in the form of sanitary pads, and (e)ducation on menstrual health hygiene for girls throughout western Kenya.

As an intern at SANA, I was able to talk to a lot of girls within primary schools of Kisumu. One of their main projects is to build sanitation latrines for girls. Latrines are essentially bathrooms, usually in the form of an elevated pit. When my colleague and I saw the conditions of the old latrines, many were dirty, unsanitary and unusable. As part of the SANA intern team, I conducted many interviews with girls about their access to education and the effectiveness of the latrine intervention. During my interviews, however, we realized that sanitation latrines weren’t enough; it was also the fact that they didn’t have any sanitary pads during their periods.

According to current statistics, one in four Kenyan girls miss at least six weeks of school because they don’t go to school during their periods. In addition to not having clean latrines, girls were using old rags and banana leaves. When we were talking to girls, we also noticed that there so no open, gender-inclusive education on the biological and social processes attached to monthly menstruation. This problem deepens by the fact that nearly 80% of the teachers were male and didn’t have proper education about menstrual health hygiene so girls were reluctant to approach them.

As part of Project SHE, we also received a grant from Harvard to study the links between primary school education outcomes and the intervention of having all three of the Project SHE components implemented within the schools of Kenya. We’re planning to have Project SHE provided to 6000 girls in Kisumu, Kenya.

Women LEAD: Can you share with us some of your experiences with directing the Women’s Policy Group at the Harvard Institute of Politics?

Bernadette Lim: As the Director of the Women’s Policy Group, I led the creation of the first report on the status of women and girls in Boston. It’s a huge accomplishment for the city because it’s the first of its kind in the Boston area. The idea came to fruition through a sociology class at Harvard and my attendance the launch event of the first report of its kind in California and realizing that it didn’t occur in Boston and Massachusetts.

In my sociology class, we were assigned to an issue area, of which mine was women and girls. We used Boston as a case study to identify our issue area in Boston and then identify non-profits and initiatives that were tackling that issue area. When my team and I were searching for data on women and girls in Boston, we couldn’t find information in a consolidated source online, publicly accessible source. In fact, we had to look through raw data and look through huge reports before we saw one line about girls. We had to go into numbers and make our own bar graphs to compare. The class had a huge endowment to give to initiatives that tackled key issue areas in our are, and we decided to allocate $5000 to the creation of this report.

Last fall, I started the Women’s Policy Group at the Harvard Institute of Politics and together with 20 other undergraduates, we created that report and it gathered all the most recent data we could find on the status of women and girls in the following categories: demographics, education, health, violence against women, political representations and participation, women in business, women in the military, and LGBT women. We partnered with many important organizations, including The Boston Foundation, the Harvard Institute of Politics, the Boston Mayor’s Office of Women’s Advancement and Big Sister Association. We are launching the report in December 2014/January 2015 and are hoping that it will be adopted as either an annual or biannual report that is published about women and girls. In the end, we hope this report enables every single program and initiative that’s created about women and girls to be problem-driven and data-driven. Most importantly, our report aims to fill the information gap between what nonprofits do and the programs they implement.

Women LEAD: Why does women’s empowerment matter to you?

Bernadette Lim: Women’s empowerment matters to me personally because I think my story lends itself to empowered women. I am a daughter of a second generation Chinese-American father and a Filipino immigrant mother and these stories of immigration, stories of moving from a familiar place to an uncomfortable one for seeking a better life but also being able to create better opportunities for family – I think that that’s one of the most selfless acts, one of the bravest acts, and one of the most admirable acts that really defined me as a person. Having that family foundation comprising a family of empowered women encourages me to listen to the stories and to the experiences of people who may not have experienced that, and who experience sexism, gender inequality to a huge amount that I didn’t have in my years. I feel like having been born into such a privileged position is such a luck of the draw and the fact that I have that privilege and some people don’t encourages me to create that privilege if it wasn’t created during birth.

Women LEAD: What inspires you to continue fighting for the improvement of women’s health?

Bernadette Lim: I’m very interested in women’s health because I find the intersection of health so integrated within the components of social justice. As a physician, I believe in not just diagnosing disease, but improving health – a holistic overview of one’s well-being in life beyond the hospital. A lot of components within women’s health have historically been put at the end of people’s priority lists. Using my knowledge as a future physician and as a future public health advocate, I want to make sure that health is seen as a basic human right.

Women LEAD: Can you talk about one woman who has impacted you in your life?

Bernadette Lim: My mom came to the United States in the 1980s with little more than a suitcase and little more than what she really knew from the Philippines. Her bravery as a person who has not only traveled to a new land she was unfamiliar with, but to actually aspire more for herself and her family is an act of bravery I can only hope to emulate. As a mother, she was always empowering to me and always supported me with everything I did. She encouraged me to find self-confidence by being a powerful, strong, woman role model from the very start of my life and that is such a privilege to me. I think my mom’s strength it’s very much rooted in her immigrant story, her personality, and her bravery.

Women LEAD: What advice do you have for prospective social entrepreneurs who want to start projects related to women’s and girls’ empowerment?

Bernadette Lim: Just start it. A lot of these things have to do with timing, luck, and the people you know. One of the really funny stories about Women SPEAK is that we started this organization in a coffee shop. We came back for summer and it was all four of us. We were friends in high school updating each other about the various encounters of sexism and gender inequality we faced on college campuses and kept asking ourselves: “What can we do?” Sometimes for people interested in starting initiatives, they always stop at that point of frustration and they let their passion dissipate because it’s hard to take that next step to action. But we didn’t stop: we met every single week, dwelling on that question and finally decided to do something. While our ideal organization would have created a student-led college network, we decided to start our prospects smaller. I also think that’s another important quality — if you want to tackle a big problem, know that it’s not just a big, huge, structural problem. Rather, it’s something made of different seeds and fruit that are subsets of the problem you have the opportunity to tackle. It’s about finding where you can have that impact. To us, we noticed that within the greater Los Angeles area has a lack of high school programming related to girls’ health and women’s empowerment. That’s the void we had the potential to fill realizing our expertise and perspectives.

Spotlight on 2013 LEADer Anoushka

2013 LEADer Anoushka

As Anoushka walks in, she flashes a beautiful smile and exudes confidence. She may have just finished high school but she is no ordinary teenager. Of course she likes to do all the things that a nineteen year old would like to do, but she also holds a very unique dream that is so admirable for someone her age. When asked about what her career goal is, she boldly says, “I want to study agricultural science.” In this generation, when most youngsters are swayed into taking common subjects, this reply is bound to throw you off for a second.

When asked why she chose a career so rare, she says, “My grandfather was a veterinary doctor. He was the first person who introduced the Rabies Vaccination in Nepal. I want to continue that family legacy and follow his footsteps.” She happily adds, “And of course it is a noble cause and feeds the world.”

Anoushka Panday is a 2013 LEADer who is eagerly waiting to be enrolled at HICAST -College of Agriculture Sciences and Technology. One can’t help but admire her for being so courageous to follow a career path that is unique and uncommon. Anoushka also loves to doodle, play the piano and write blogs.

“One of the biggest lessons Women LEAD has taught me is to be real”, she remarks. “Women LEAD is an incredible platform for young girls who aim to be powerful leaders of tomorrow. We have a strong network of women who are doing phenomenal work around. Whenever we go to some place and say we’re from Women LEAD, people take you seriously”, she says.

When asked about her experiences with the School Leadership Training, she recalls it being a hectic but fun experience. “Being a part of the SLT program improved my communication skills and taught me to be patient too. Before the program, I wasn’t professional enough, but in the SLT program, we had to take control of all the finances as well as handle the whole program too. It greatly developed my professional skills at a very early age.”

Anoushka has deep respect towards her mother and aspires to be like her when she grows up. When she was eight, she underwent an open heart surgery which was very challenging. She recalls, “There weren’t a lot of private hospitals those days and it was really hard to get an appointment. Adding to that, my surgery was a very complicated one which required intensive care even after the surgery. It was my mum who took great care of me, balanced her work and took care of our home as well. She had so many responsibilities, but she fulfilled them all.”

After battling the surgery, Anoushka wanted to be a cardiologist to help children who have heart problems like her. Although her dream transformed with time, her core dream of helping children who have heart problems still remained unchanged. Today, she helps her mother, a social worker, to work for social causes like building a birthing center in a rural area of Nepal. Anoushka sets a fine example for the girls who want to walk the road less travelled.

Inspiring Woman Leader Spotlight: Olivia Pavco-Giaccia

Interview by Megan Foo

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Olivia Pavco-Giaccia is a junior at Yale University, studying Cognitive Science. An advocate for girls in science, Olivia is the Founder and CEO of LabCandy, a social enterprise venture with the mission of cultivating girls’ interest in science. LabCandy makes available to girls fun and colorful lab gear and age-appropriate storybooks, attacking common stereotypes about men and women in science fields.

Women LEAD: What is your background? 

Olivia Pavco-Giaccia: I am a Cognitive Science major at Yale University. In addition, in the spring of my freshman year, I was selected as a Fellow of the Yale Entrepreneurial Institute. Thanks to that Fellowship, LabCandy progressed from idea to reality. My other work background includes internships in a neurobiology lab at Stanford University and at Georgetown University Lombardi Cancer Center. Currently, I’m also a member of the Champions Board of the National Girls Collaborative Project.

Women LEAD: You are the Founder of LabCandy, an initiative that helps to get girls interested in science through fun and fashionable lab gear. Can you tell us more about LabCandy and its impact?

Olivia Pavco-Giaccia: LabCandy actually started as a blog that I wrote while doing research in a neurobiology lab at Stanford University. The blog was targeted at getting young girls interested in science, and was a first-hand account of my experiences at the (lab) bench. One day I posted a picture of some beadazzled lab goggles.

I didn’t think anything of it until I logged on and saw the comments from little girls all over the country asking me: “where can I get a pair of those goggles!” That was the moment where I realized I had stumbled across something that resonated with girls. I decided to make another pair…and another and the concept of mobilizing LabCandy and its products to encourage girls’ interest in science was  born. And I’m loving every second of it!

Our mission here at LabCandy is to cultivate young girls’ interest in science by showing them that the field has room for girls like them. Although women constitute about 58% of the U.S. workforce, they hold less than 25% of science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) jobs. There are a number of factors contributing to this discrepancy, one of which is the persistent stereotype that scientists are nerdy, old guys. The sad truth is, when most people close their eyes and picture a scientist, they picture Albert Einstein in a white lab coat and thick plastic goggles. There is not much in this image that is relatable or even interesting to a young girl. LabCandy attacks this stereotype directly, allowing girls to change what they think a scientist is supposed to look like. By making available brightly colored lab coats, fun goggles, and engaging science adventure storybooks, LabCandy encourages every young girl to picture herself as the scientist that she can grow up to be.

Women LEAD: Why, to you, is it important that more girls enter STEM fields?

Olivia Pavco-Giaccia: In the short term, encouraging young girls in STEM promotes self-confidence, creativity, and critical thinking skills. In the long term, it opens up new job opportunities. STEM jobs in the US in the past 10 years have grown at three times the pace of non-STEM jobs, and women working in STEM-related fields earn on average 33% more than those that don’t. Getting women involved in STEM is essential to closing the gender wage gap,  and empowering our next generation of problem solvers.  It will make for a brighter future for our young girls and for our nation.

Women LEAD: What needs to change in order to close the gender gap in STEM industries?

Olivia Pavco-Giaccia: There are many different ways to work on addressing the historic gender gap in STEM. For a comprehensive list, check out http://www.ngcproject.org/about-ngcp. LabCandy focuses on transforming the stereotype that scientists are ‘supposed to be’ nerdy and male. We want to make science feel more accessible to our young girls, and to  encourage them to picture themselves as scientists.  Not only is our gear colorful and fun, but our storybook characters are colorful and fun, too.   We created them to be relatable, spunky role models who will help young girls realize that the world of science offers them opportunities for creating, collaborating and solving real-world problems.

Women LEAD: Can you talk about one woman who has impacted you in your life? 

Olivia Pavco-Giaccia: There have actually been three women who have had significant impacts on my life. Two of them were my teachers: Mary Cahill in middle school and Denise Reitz in high school. The other is Karen Peterson, the leader of the National Girls Collaborative Project, the largest non-profit in the US devoted to encouraging girls in STEM.

When I was a young girl, I sat quietly in the back of my classroom, not believing that I was a “science kid.” It was Ms. Cahill’s enthusiasm for science and encouragement that sparked my interest in science.

In high school, Ms. Reitz, also a science teacher, was my advisor and encouraged me to pursue science both inside and outside school. She supported me in my submission to the Siemens Science Competition and we celebrated together when I was selected as a Semi-Finalist winner. Ms. Reitz was so influential in my life that I named the teacher in LabCandy’s first storybook after her. She helps our main character, Ava, save the day, as she did for me so many times.

I met Ms. Peterson while in high school and her unrelenting energy and passion for encouraging girls in STEM has provided me with an incredible role model. She has welcomed me into the fabulous NGCP community, introduced me to other girl-centric activists, and has generously shared her time and advice with me over many years.

As Professor Eileen Pollack wrote in the New York Times, “The most powerful determinant of whether a woman goes on in science might be whether anyone encourages her to go on.” I’ve been so lucky to have these three wonderful women provide me such fabulous support, mentorship and encouragement.

Women LEAD: What advice do you have for prospective social entrepreneurs?

Olivia Pavco-Giaccia: Go for it! If you have an idea or cause that you are passionate about, take the risk to get involved and make a difference. Block out the nay-sayers and surround yourself with positive people. Learn about entrepreneurship and begin to take steps to make your idea become a reality.

Women LEAD: Are there websites or books that are inspiring you right now about gender equality and women’s empowerment?

Olivia Pavco-Giaccia: Of course, I love the website of the National Girls Collaborative Project. (www.ngcp.com). It offers lots of up-to-date news on happenings in the STEM world, plus it highlights a lot of the creative programs for young women and girls that are happening on both the local and national fronts. I also enjoy the site for “A Mighty Girl.” (http://www.amightygirl.com/) It offers a great variety of books and products focused on sending positive images out to young girls. They also have the most inspirational Facebook posts.

Inspiring Woman Leader Spotlight: Ruhy Patel

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Interview by Megan Foo, President of Women LEAD’s Hong Kong Chapter

Ruhy Patel is a high school senior and the Student Body President at Central Bucks High School in Doylestown, Pennsylvania. Passionate about global relations and philanthropy, Ruhy is currently a Teen Advisor for Girl Up, a campaign of the United Nations Foundation that mobilizes girls in the US to raise awareness and funds to support some of the world’s hardest-to-reach adolescent girls. She is an active member of service initiatives on and off campus, and hopes to ultimately make a difference in the lives of young women as well as young men.

Women LEAD: What is your background?

Ruhy Patel: I am currently a senior at Central Bucks High School West in Doylestown, Pennsylvania. I have lived in the United States my whole life, but I’ve had the incredible opportunity to visit various places in the world and through that fostered my interest in the United Nations and international relations. Next year when I enter college I hope to study international relations, business economics and political science, and in four or five years I aspire to attend law school.

In school I try my hardest to do the best I can because my education is very important to me and I value all the opportunities I get. I hope to one day be able to use my education to reach those who don’t get the same opportunities that I do.

My parents and I like to joke that although I love running my day sport is leadership. In school I am an active member of service organizations such as Key Club, National Honor Society, Future Business Leaders of America and Student Government. I am currently the Student Body President for my school, which means that I get the chance to represent my school on the state level at Pennsylvania Association of Student Councils, and on the county level at our Bucks County Student Forum. These organizations helped to build a leadership training base for me where I learned leadership skills, people skills and gained a great deal of confidence in myself.

Besides school involvement, I am very passionate about the communities I am a part of: the Doylestown community, the Pennsylvania community, the United States community and of course the global community. I was appointed as a Junior Councilperson for the Borough of Doylestown for the 2013-2014 term, during which I served as a voice for youth and learned the workings of local government. I am also an active volunteer in the Doylestown community where I am Apprentice at the Doylestown Historical Society and a volunteer at the Alchemy Open Art Studio – a therapeutic art studio that serves the public. In the broader community I intern for the Kevin Strouse Campaign and at Givology.org – online giving community that connects donors straight to education programs and individual students around the world.

My involvement with my global community began when I was very young, a feat to which all credit goes to my parents. From childhood, I have always been exposed to any and all cultures my parents could tap into, from eating a new cuisine every two weeks to traveling to as many places as was financially possible. I got the chance to grow my interest to the way the world existed. As I developed understandings of the world, I began to focus on the policies in place and the issues each country faced. That’s when my interest for the United Nations truly sparked. I joined my county chapter of the United Nations Association the summer after 9th grade and began attending Youth Board Meetings the spring of 10th grade (It was during 10th grade that I first heard about the Girl Up Campaign) I was soon appointed as a full time Board Member on the Bucks County UNA Board, where I currently serve.

I’m very passionate about service and global policy and hope to one day make a difference in the lives of young women as well as young men.

Women LEAD: You are a Teen Advisor and a member of your high school chapter of Girl Up, a UN Campaign with the vision of helping girls realize their opportunities to become healthy, safe, educated, counted, and empowered to be the next generation of leaders. What inspired you to get involved with Girl Up?

Ruhy Patel: I heard about the Girl Up campaign during my first year working with the Bucks County UNA and I fell in love with the message. It is not often that students in the parts of America that I come from think about their education in the broad context of their lives, however it is important to know that not everyone gets an education.

To me the message was clear: You are blessed with everything to reach your full potential, but not all children are. I have the chance to go to school, to pull myself up and to make for myself whatever path I see fit. It broke my heart to witness the girls’ struggles in the film Girl Rising – the 10×10 feature highlighting the lives of nine girls from nine countries. I made it my conviction to use my education to help those who don’t get that chance.

One of the most vivid memories I can call to mind when explaining why I am so passionate about Girl Up’s cause is from my trips to India to visit family. I remember being little and packing for our long trips to see my grandmothers. We would run to Staples and fill half of our bags with school supplies. But only years later did it finally hit me that education truly is the ticket to a healthier, safer, and empowered life. I finally understood why when we gave them money, they didn’t smile nearly as much as when I handed them notebooks and pens and little lesson books. They understood the value of those simple tools a lot more that I had.

If I were to describe my inspiration for getting involved with Girl Up in two words it would be: ‘Those children’. They have so much potential. Knowing that with the tools to become healthy, safe, educated, counted, and empowered young women they could truly change the world, I can’t ignore the chance to help.

Women LEAD: What motivates you to continue fighting for girls’ education? 

Ruhy Patel: Motivation to fight for girls’ education, for me, lies in the reward of a better world. The idea that “A girl with an extra year of education can earn up to 20% more as an adult” is only one reason that we need to educate these young girls. Among rise in earnings, there is the classic argument that she will in turn invest in the economy of her country, provide better health care to herself and her family, and send her own children to school.

The lack of education is still a significant issue facing our world today and if we were all to turn a blind eye; we would do our world a disservice. For me fighting for girls’ education ensures that I am at least trying to make a difference, as little or as big as it may be. I hope that by fighting I can send the message to those I know that it is an important cause and it requires attention.

Women LEAD: Why does women’s empowerment matter to you?

Ruhy Patel: Women’s empowerment matters for me because there is still a culture in today’s society that perpetuates so much stress on women from body image to social norms that they face self-esteem issues and often feel as though they can’t do what they want to. There are still more girls that don’t go to school than boys, and there are still more girls that suffer from diseases, child marriage, and poverty. By building a strong generation of leaders from the girls of the world we can help to change the face of the modern woman. Empowering women in America AND in around the world can truly build a foundation for a better future. We can add a whole new force and fresh perspective to every field or work, especially in policy-making. In our own country about 90% of lawmakers are male and the few females present often go without notice. These women are often judged more off of the content of their closet then the content of their speeches, perpetuating the social idea that it is okay to judge a woman thus. Only by empowering women to take stands and rise to more leadership positions in not only the policy-making fields but every field, we can make an impact on social constructs.

Women LEAD: Can you talk about one woman who has impacted you in your life?

Ruhy Patel: One woman that has impacted my life is my mother. She represents for me the roots and foundation for my independence. My mom, Sangita Patel, is a very hardworking individual that always has patience and a cool head. When she was about 16 years old she lost her father, and being the oldest daughter of four girls, she had to assume the role of a second parent. She was taught from a very young how to stand on her own two feet and learned the value of an education. Upon finishing her bachelors and masters, she married my father and moved to the United States, where they both struggled to keep my brother and me comfortable. I admire her go-getter attitude and the way she never seems to lose frustration. Some of the best words of advice I have heard have come from my mom and the most important thing she has said to me is to never give up and always push myself so that I could stand tall and be proud. My mother is the source of every bit of sunshine in my life and every joy, but she is also the strongest woman I know. I see her struggle under so much, yet achieve so high. Being a woman in the STEM field she is the only woman on her team, yet she works hard and performs at top level.

Both the strength I have and the dedication to women’s empowerment come from a family tradition of strong women. Both of my grandmothers, my mom, and all of my aunts represent to me the importance of empowering women. I have taken so much from their life experiences and I hope to be able to pass on the legacy someday.

Women LEAD: What advice do you have for current and future advocates for women and girls?

Ruhy Patel: For current and future advocates for women and girls, I would simply say – Don’t let anyone tell you that you can’t do something. It is important that every advocate realizes that the true impact that she/he makes begins with herself (or himself. The problems are nowhere near fixed and it’ll be a long fight, but keep working at it! Overall, stay committed, don’t give up and believe in the power of one individual to make a difference.

For all the young girls out there who believe that they are too young to get involved, I hope they understand that you are never too young to be strong and empowered! Get involved early and keep working until you get to where you want to be.

Women LEAD: Are there websites or books that are inspiring you right now about gender equality, women’s empowerment, and education?

Ruhy Patel: I tend to watch a lot of YouTube videos by various organizations that publicize issues related to education, gender equality and women’s empowerment. These videos are truly the best way to engage a listener and increase advocacy.

A few of the websites that I really enjoy visiting are of course GirlUp.org, http://www.girleffect.org/, and http://www.weprinciples.org. In terms of education and world issues, I regularly read the United Nations Association newsletters. There is a list of books and movies that Girl Up suggests to read and watch to build understanding about all three of those topics that I am currently working on that includes works such as I Am Malala (by Malala Yousafzi), A Thousand Splendid Suns (by Khaled Hosseini), and The Blue Sweater: Bridging the Gap Between the Rich and Poor in an Interconnected World (by Jacqueline Novogratz).

Inspiring Woman Leader Spotlight: Linda To

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Interview by Megan Foo, President of Women LEAD’s Hong Kong Chapter

Linda To is a Founding Member and Executive Director of HER Fund, an organization in Hong Kong that mobilizes resources and invests in empowering women and girls to create change in communities for gender equality. With over 20 years of work experience for the advancement of women’s rights, Linda is devoted to the education of young people on gender equality and social justice. She has spent over 15 years supervising social work placement students in various universities, mostly practicing in women’s work settings or community settings.

Women LEAD: What is your background?

Linda To: I was a trained social worker many years ago and I’ve been working with the community. Also I’ve worked in a women’s shelter in Hong Kong called Harmony House, a shelter for women facing domestic violence. I have been in the social work field for quite some time and I am now supervising social work students who are practicing fieldwork at the Chinese University of Hong Kong.

Another part-time job is my role as Executive Director of HER Fund, and I’m also a founding member of the fund. I have been involved with women’s work for over 25 years because I’ve worked with Harmony House and have also worked with the Women Workers’ Association in Hong Kong and also have been working with some low-income women in the Confederation of Trade Unions. I’ve been involved voluntarily as a Board Member and an Executive Committee Member of various women’s organizations too.

Women LEAD: You are the Executive Director of HER Fund, a nonprofit organization in Hong Kong that empowers women and girls to create change in communities for gender equality. Can you tell me more about HER Fund and its impact?

Linda To: HER Fund is a community fund (not a family foundation or corporate foundation) started by a group of women activists. We have been involved with women’s work, in promoting rights and gender equality for some time. We realized that there are not many resources, especially financial resources like funding support to those projects for women’s rights advocacy, particularly advocacy and campaigning work in Hong Kong. In the past, there are some funders from overseas willing to give funding to rights-based work in Hong Kong, but as Hong Kong became more “ economically developed,” these funders do not take Hong Kong as their priority funding geographical area. So it’s not been easy to find funding support. In 2002, the founding members planned to start a local women’s fund, but we didn’t have any money to start with. So we started searching and we realized that there are international women’s funds willing to support the startup of some women’s local funds in different countries and different places. We asked for some startup grants from them and HER Fund started in 2004.

Our main work is to give small grants, raise donations through different means, and run capacity building for our grantees, because there are a lot of small and self-help women’s organizations in Hong Kong and those we supported are from the marginalized sector so they face discrimination or do not have a voice in society. We have also run capacity building for strengthening their organizational capacities so that they learn how to fundraise for their own organization and how to build their organization and develop membership. These kinds of capacities are very important for the group to sustain.

We have given over 90 grants to support projects and small organizations. The money that we have made is over HK$3 million and we also have seen small women’s self-help groups able to develop for a few years and were then able to access more funding from bigger funders. We are also giving seed grants for new initiatives to start up. It is very important in our society to have new initiatives.

Women LEAD: What motivates you to advance women’s and girls’ rights in Hong Kong?

Linda To: I think it’s because I’ve been working with various women’s groups on women’s issues. I’ve seen that there is a need for us to have a local women’s fund so that we can mobilize resources for doing the work. Secondly, in Hong Kong society, women’s issues have not been really taken on board. Although we have a Women’s Commission in place, the Women’s Commissions is a consultative body and has no actual power in decision-making on policies. There aren’t many resources for developing women’s rights works so that’s our motivation to start a women’s fund. We hope that the funds can generate more resources and support more projects to work on defending women’s rights.

Women LEAD: Why does women’s empowerment matter to you?

Linda To: If we are talking about raising women’s status and raising women’s voices, empowerment is the first step. Women have to be sure of themselves, recognizing their own abilities, and also taking control of what’s happening around them – so I think empowerment is very important. Also, I think due to gender stereotypes, women’s roles are mostly very submissive, dependent and secondary, and sometimes we are unsure of our own abilities. Women’s empowerment is a process wherein women realize their abilities and strengths to change.

Women LEAD: Can you talk about one woman who has impacted you in your life?

Linda To: When I see this question, I immediately think of my mother. My mother is very close to me; she taught me to care for others. She is a role model. I think that from the way I’ve grown up, my mother has given me a lot of space and autonomy and that’s how I can think out of the box, think in different ways and develop more critical and alternate thinking.

Women LEAD: What advice do you have for future women leaders?

Linda To: My advice would be to do what you believe in and you have to dare to change because sometimes we have a lot of blocks not just from society but from within ourselves as well. We have the fear to try new things so daring to change requires determination and commitment.

Inspiring Woman Leader Spotlight: Jessica Ou

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Interview by Megan Foo, President of Women LEAD’s Hong Kong Chapter

Jessica Ou is an undergraduate student at the University of California, Berkeley. She is interested in finance, strategy, technology, international relations, and social entrepreneurship. Passionate about women’s empowerment, Jessica has served as Peer Educator at UC Berkeley’s Gender Equity and Resource Center, Head of Marketing in Berkeley Women in Business, and as a Volunteer Intern at the Women’s Economic Agenda Project. Furthermore, she recently founded an organization called Girls Run Tech, which aims to bridge the gap for women (both technical and non-technical) in the technology industry through community, mentorship, and partnerships with technology companies. Jessica was awarded the 2014 Women of Peace Award, which recognizes individuals that are working on cutting edge programs, or have created new ways of thinking about ending domestic violence or waging peace.

Women LEAD: What is your background?

Jessica Ou: I am a junior student studying Business, Social Welfare, and Economics at UC Berkeley. My interests lie in finance, strategy, technology, international relations, and social entrepreneurship.

At Berkeley, I’ve been involved in many women’s projects as Head of Marketing in Berkeley Women in Business, a Peer Educator for the Gender Equity Resource Center, and a member of the student government Sexual Assault Task Force.

Outside of my school involvements, I am an Executive Council member of the International Youth Council–founded at the United Nations Youth Assembly–which mobilizes over 5,000 youth from around the world, and an Advisory Board Member for UNICEF’s Chinese Children Initiative. I also serve on the Youth Advisory Council of the Crisis Text Line, a subsidiary of DoSomething.org, the world’s largest youth action organization. Recently, I was chosen to be the National Youth Ambassador for California for Youth Service America, and will work with the California senator’s office to execute a financial literacy program for girls. This past summer, I attended the United Nations Youth Assembly as a delegate, and will be traveling to Moscow in the coming month as a delegate for the Stanford U.S.-Russia Forum.

I’m also very passionate about technology, and I currently work at Greylock Partners and am a USA Google Student Ambassador. In the past, I’ve worked at Uber, KPMG, and Euclid Analytics. Recently, I’ve conducted organizational behavioral research for the Haas School of Business and big data crowdfunding research for the MIT Sloan School of Management.

I’ve been designing and coding since I was six years old and run my own web design company. In my free time, I blog for the Huffington Post and am a contributing writer for USA Today.

Women LEAD: You formerly interned at the Women‘s Economic Agenda Project. Can you tell us more about your experiences?

Jessica Ou: Volunteering with the Women’s Economic Agenda Project (WEAP) was one of the most eye-opening experiences for me. As a local non-profit in Oakland, CA, working with a ground-roots organization was a great experience. I had the chance to learn from people have been through great struggles in their lives and overcome them through the teach-ins and workshops that the Women’s Economic Agenda Project holds. I was very close to directly seeing the impact of the organization’s efforts. Working with WEAP set the foundation for my passion in gender equity and human rights, and made me motivated to work even harder to propel change for impoverished women.

What was most inspirational for me was the people I met while volunteering there. One staff member, Carolyn Milligan, spent her entire life fighting for a better life for working people after overcoming some severe personal obstacles in the whole process. She moved to Oakland 20 years ago after becoming blind from inadequate medical care, which also forced her into kidney dialysis. It is women like Carolyn that inspire me to work to relieve women out of poverty and structural discrimination.

Women LEAD: You were also a Peer Educator at the Gender Equity and Resource Center. Can you tell us more about this role?

Jessica Ou: I have been involved at the Gender Equity Resource Center at UC Berkeley as a volunteer intern and peer educator. As a peer educator, I raised discussion about inclusivity, diversity, and anti-bullying on campus. My role was to identify a problem in the LGBTQ and Women’s community on campus. I worked with a team of other peer educators in identifying that there was a gap in communication between LGBTQ and women’s organizations on campus, and planned and held a “Mind the Gap: Cross-Cultural Collaboration” event on campus, inviting all LGBTQ and women’s organizations to join in conversation and networking. As a volunteer intern, I dedicated my time in marketing various women’s programs and empowerment events on campus. My focus and goal working with the Gender Equity Resource Center was to create a more inclusive environment for women and LGBTQ students on campus.

Women LEAD: You served as the Head of Marketing for UC Berkeley Women in Business. Why is empowering women pursuing business-related paths important to you?

Jessica Ou: Women leaders such as Pepsi CEO Indra Nooyi and Yahoo! CEO Marissa Mayer are constantly under microscopic scrutiny purely because of their gender, while other males CEOS are less watched and less criticized. It’s stereotypes about leadership that a woman has to overcome in the work place. I think that there are two important things for women in business–the first is mentorship, and the second is having a community of other female businesswomen as a support system.

Women LEAD: Why does empowering women in entrepreneurship matter to you?

Jessica Ou: I think the statistics concerning women in entrepreneurship are startling. 92% of startup founders are male, and only 8% are female. This can be attributed to discrimination within the venture capital industry, stemming with lack of representation of successful female entrepreneurs. Investors are looking for the Mark Zuckerbergs of the Silicon Valley—the clear-cut, white males. Female entrepreneurs run into several obstacles relating to their gender, with some investors even looking to date female entrepreneurs rather than taking their company ideas seriously. It’s a perpetual cycle, because the less representation, the less investors take women seriously, and the more women hesitate to become entrepreneurs. I think it’s something that needs to change, and it has to start at the top with the investors.

Women LEAD: What, to you, are the biggest challenges to achieving gender equality in technology industries?

Jessica Ou: To me, I believe that the biggest challenge is overcoming preconceptions and stereotypes about women in technology. It’s been thought of for centuries that women are not meant to be in technology fields, but rather, men are. We’re still experiencing the ramifications of that type of thinking today, with women representing only one in ten computer science graduates. It’s always intimidating for women to enter into a field that is male-dominated. There is starting to be a slow shift with women’s networking groups and coding programs for girls, but it’s slow.

Women LEAD: Can you talk about one woman who has impacted you in your life?

Jessica Ou: One woman that has impacted my life was my Gender and Women Studies professor my freshman year, Professor Barnes. She taught me to look at everything that life throws at you from a critical perspective—to question everything and the situations around us. It made me look at everything differently—and once I started questioning things and understanding inequalities, I was more driven to fix them.